[ASK] password folder di samba

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[ASK] password folder di samba

Post 04 Nov 2013, 09:38

dear all,

mau nanya nih cara konfigurasi samba biar tiap folder yg di akses itu menggunakan password berdasarkan usernya masing2...

mohon pencerahannya


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Post 06 Nov 2013, 17:19

1. Pastikan user sudah terdaftar di linux

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sudo adduser {nama_user}
2. Pastikan user dan password-nya sudah terdaftar di samba

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sudo smbpasswd -a {nama_user}
3. Coba tambahkan baris berikut di smb.conf Anda. Supaya gampang, tambahkan saja di baris paling bawah:

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   path = /home/{nama_user}
   read only = no
   writeable = yes
   browseable = yes
   valid users = {nama_user}
Jadi sekarang share {nama_sharing} hanya bisa diakses oleh user {nama_user} dengan password yang sudah di-set sebelumnya.

Oh ya, saya tidak merubah setting security dari samba. Saya pakai yang default aja. Jadi mungkin kalau setting security-nya berbeda, mungkin cara saya di atas gak jalan.


hope this helps

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Post 07 Nov 2013, 08:15

oh tapi gan,, itu usernya bisa beda2 kan yang ngakses k foldernya ... ??
jadi saya bikin 4 folder , tiap akses folder tuh beda lagi user yang ngakses nya ...

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Post 07 Nov 2013, 19:06

Ya bisalah. Btw, gimana kalau Anda coba dulu? Text yang saya tulis dalam kurung kurawal (semisal {nama_sharing}) Anda ganti dengan text yang Anda inginkan (hilangkan kurung kurawalnya). Kalau ada 4 user, ya lakukan langkah-langkah di atas dengan 4 user tersebut. Oh ya, ada yang lupa, kalau sudah mengubah file konfigurasi samba, jangan lupa untuk me-restart samba-nya;

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sudo service smbd restart
Dicoba dulu deh. Nanti kalau sudah dicoba sendiri, bisa mendapatkan pengertian lebih banyak.


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Post 08 Nov 2013, 08:21

ko udah dicoba masih not accessible.. ?? ane pake ubuntu 12.04 LTS
gimana nih gan dari permission ampe chown nya...
maklum mash newbie :confused:

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Post 10 Nov 2013, 10:31

foldernya sudah terlihat??
coba posting samba.conf nya di marih
jadi karena setiap user punya satu folder yg berbeda2.. jadi kita ngak perlu ke masalah grouping..

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Post 11 Nov 2013, 09:34

nih mas,,, folder nya udah terlihat tapi pas diakses tetep not accessible..
untitled.jpg (963.93 KiB) Viewed 2410 times

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Post 11 Nov 2013, 10:44

isi smb.confnya hanya itu?
global confignya mana?

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Post 11 Nov 2013, 11:00

# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which
# are not shown in this example
# Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
# commented-out examples in this file.
# - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
# differs from the default Samba behaviour
# - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
# behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
# enough to be mentioned here
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic
# errors.
# A well-established practice is to name the original file
# "smb.conf.master" and create the "real" config file with
# testparm -s smb.conf.master >smb.conf
# This minimizes the size of the really used smb.conf file
# which, according to the Samba Team, impacts performance
# However, use this with caution if your smb.conf file contains nested
# "include" statements. See Debian bug #483187 for a case
# where using a master file is not a good idea.

#======================= Global Settings =======================


## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
workgroup = WORKGROUP

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
# wins support = no

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
; wins server = w.x.y.z

# This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
dns proxy = no

# What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names
# to IP addresses
; name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
; interfaces = eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
; bind interfaces only = yes

#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
max log size = 1000

# If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
# parameter to 'yes'.
# syslog only = no

# We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
# should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
# through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
syslog = 0

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d

####### Authentication #######

# "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account
# in this server for every user accessing the server. See
# /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html
# in the samba-doc package for details.
# security = user

# You may wish to use password encryption. See the section on
# 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.
encrypt passwords = true

# If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
# password database type you are using.
passdb backend = tdbsam

obey pam restrictions = yes

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
unix password sync = yes

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
pam password change = yes

# This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
# to anonymous connections
map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

# Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC
# must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must
# change the 'domain master' setting to no
; domain logons = yes
# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of the user's profile directory
# from the client point of view)
# The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the
# samba server (see below)
; logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
# (this is Samba's default)
# logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
; logon drive = H:
# logon home = \\%N\%U

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
; logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

# This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the
# SAMR RPC pipe.
# The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

# This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.
; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

########## Printing ##########

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
# load printers = yes

# lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the
# printcap file
; printing = bsd
; printcap name = /etc/printcap

# CUPS printing. See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the
# cupsys-client package.
; printing = cups
; printcap name = cups

############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html
# for details
# You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
# socket options = TCP_NODELAY

# The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package
# installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are
# working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.
; message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' &

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this
# machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you
# must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.
# domain master = auto

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
; idmap uid = 10000-20000
; idmap gid = 10000-20000
; template shell = /bin/bash

# The following was the default behaviour in sarge,
# but samba upstream reverted the default because it might induce
# performance issues in large organizations.
# See Debian bug #368251 for some of the consequences of *not*
# having this setting and smb.conf(5) for details.
; winbind enum groups = yes
; winbind enum users = yes

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
# with the net usershare command.

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
; usershare max shares = 100

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
# public shares, not just authenticated ones
usershare allow guests = yes

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

# Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
# to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each
# user's home director as \\server\username
; comment = Home Directories
; browseable = no

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
; read only = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
; create mask = 0700

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
; directory mask = 0700

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server. Un-comment the following parameter
# to make sure that only "username" can connect to \\server\username
# The following parameter makes sure that only "username" can connect
# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
; valid users = %S

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /home/samba/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; read only = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
; comment = Users profiles
; path = /home/samba/profiles
; guest ok = no
; browseable = no
; create mask = 0600
; directory mask = 0700

comment = All Printers
browseable = no
path = /var/spool/samba
printable = yes
guest ok = no
read only = yes
create mask = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
comment = Printer Drivers
path = /var/lib/samba/printers
browseable = yes
read only = yes
guest ok = no
# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
# admin users are members of.
# Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
# to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
; write list = root, @lpadmin

# A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.
; comment = Samba server's CD-ROM
; read only = yes
; locking = no
; path = /cdrom
; guest ok = yes

# The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the
# cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain
# an entry like this:
# /dev/scd0 /cdrom iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user 0 0
# The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the
# If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD
# is mounted on /cdrom
; preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
; postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom

path = /home/hellios
read only = no
writeable = yes
browsable = yes
valid users = hellios

path = /home/asteres/belajar
read only = no
writeable = yes
browsable = yes
valid users = asteres

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Post 11 Nov 2013, 11:11

coba ketik ini di server

id hellios

dan id asteres

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Post 11 Nov 2013, 11:20

udah mas,, kan masukin username ma password ...
tapi pas di enter langsung not accessible ..
gimna nih agan2 :confused:

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Post 13 Nov 2013, 10:36

ok gan bisa .. thanks bantuannya.. :)

bikin user biar hak asesnya sama dengan root atau se level dengan root gimna gan ..
butuh pencerahan lagi gan ..

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Post 13 Nov 2013, 11:05

metalic wrote:ok gan bisa .. thanks bantuannya.. :)

bikin user biar hak asesnya sama dengan root atau se level dengan root gimna gan ..
butuh pencerahan lagi gan ..
sudo adduser sudo

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Post 13 Nov 2013, 13:16

maksih mas ganteng :)

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Post 15 Nov 2013, 09:17

saya mau tanya lagi mas sr_aja , folder sharing yang di password tuh udah jalan pake user lain, tapi saat pake user yang satu lagi ko gk mau ya ??
padahal saya udah msukin valid users k folder itu ...

aduh bnyak tanya jadinya :D
maklum newbie heehhe

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Post 26 Dec 2014, 14:39

mas sr_aja saya mau tanya juga donk,,
kalo saya 1 user name sama password bisa buka directory yang lain,,padahal valid usernya sudah saya tentukan ke usernya masing-masing...!!!

itu gimana yah..??

terima kasih mas sr_aja

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Post 30 Dec 2014, 13:25

jika file/folder ingin di open untuk beberapa user sekaligus, terapkan rule by group, jika autentikasi berdasarkan pam linux, biasanya saat pembuatan user maka otomatis group pertama untuk sebuah user adalah nama user itu sendiri, misalnya;
user helios, maka gid helios pertama adalah helios juga

saya lbh suka membuat user samba khusus untuk samba saja, dlm artian saya nenerapkan parameter nologin pada saat pembuatan user (dlm kasus ini authentikasi menggunakan pam linux)
pada kasus saya diatas; saya tidak mengijinkan user filesharing untuk mengaksess ssh ke server

coba periksa permission file (gw rasa aksessnya 0777)
bail di samba maupun pda directory yg di sharing, atau kemungkinan lain, user tersebut sebagai administrator samba (file sharing)

jika memungkinkan coba terapin system active directory yg ada pada eindoes server (authentikasinya jgn menggunakan pam, tp coba pakai ldap atau karberos)

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Post 31 Dec 2014, 09:15

Waktu saya buat saya cuma buat seperti ini di smb.conf nya.
security wrote:security = share
akses user wrote:[authenticated]
path = /etc/squid/authenticated
browseable = yes
writeable = yes
valid users = user01
full access wrote:[full access]
path = /etc/squid/fullaccess
browseable = yes
writeable = yes
guest ok = yes
Dari konfigurasi yang saya pakai, berarti folder full access bisa diakses dengan anonymous login, dan folder authenticated access hanya bisa diakses user 01.

Dengan syarat :
root@samba:/etc/samba# useradd -d /authenticated/ user01
root@samba:/etc/samba# passwd user01
root@samba:/etc/samba# smbpasswd -a user01
root@samba:/etc/samba# /etc/init.d/samba restart
Tapi setiap user01 saya loginkan di client, dia butuh re-sync untuk log out dengan cara mereboot client, dan di server harus di passwd dan smbpasswd lagi. CMIIW.

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